Thursday, April 3, 2008


Movements Algerian nationalists

Organization of the FLN

The FLN Home any Algerian who recognize themselves in this movement, described by former resistance fighters more like a desire for independence as a true patriotic nationalist movement. The resistant which means it must pay the hire fee Patriotic (itchirâk). Initially, very few men engaged in the association, but in early 1958, the FLN has still about 40,000 men. The FLN had the ability to unite in it the vast majority of Algerian political parties (the centrists of the Ulema of MTLD umda through the Communists BCP), and these various rallies s'effectuèrent between 1955 and 1957 edited by Ramdane Abbans.
The same character who is playing at the congress SOUMMAM (August 1956) which took shape institutions: the CEC (Committee for Coordination and Execution) which was then renamed Executive 1958 GPRA (Provisional Government of the Republic of Algeria) and CNRA (National Council of the Algerian Revolution), which was the legislative branch.

For some, the FLN was too [especially] an ideology, which was formed a large body unanimist and above the political parties that composed it. During the congress

the SOUMMAM, was established a settlement of the NLA, with hierarchies, degrees, decorations and oaths of fighters, some taken on the French military system of the time.

The FLN has become the symbol of Algerian nationalism during the war Algeria especially popular with his speech and taking advantage (in terms of its influence and power) over rivals Messale NAM.

However, for the FLN resistance, there were several at once within the FLN FLN (based on different ideals that could contain) but also several FLN through different types of action that could make the Front (FLN maquis of the NLA, the FLN policy SOUMMAM, the FLN Police Colonel Lotfi, the FLN "Stalinist" brutal and Boussoufa BOUMEDIENNE).

Source: from an interview with Gilbert MEYNIER 10 April 2005

Algerian Insurrection and Nationalism in the War of Algeria

The Struggle for Equality Photography has long been engaged by intellectuals, and especially by the movement of clerics.
Use Combat is initiated by the "National Liberation Front (FLN), a nationalist organization based in Algeria and outside Algeria.
The FLN begins its shares in 1954, only two years before that Tunisia and Morocco get their full independence by negotiation
(Tunisia and Morocco were not colonies but protectorates).
Some French politicians of the extreme left, the "carrying bag", supported this movement (sending weapons and money).

In 1954, the armed struggle for independence of Algeria by the FLN is reflected in actions against the people calendar of European origin as well as a guerrilla, maquis and clashes with the French army, which also includes units Muslim auxiliaries known as "Harkis" (cf. Harkis during the war in Algeria).

Minority initially uses the FLN terror (threat of death for "traitors") to control the Muslim civilians, who are thus early been targeted in attacks or massacres like El Halia, in August 1955 and to generate among European repression necessary to eliminate permanently the two communities. Omar Carlier
historian notes that " from 1955 to 1958, thousands of men have fallen, and many more were wounded in France and Algeria, the confrontation between the Algerian National Movement (NAM) and the FLN, while others died in the fighting between the Algerian Communist Party (BCP) and the FLN. .

Retaliation army are extremely hard: it has been noticed and almost systematic use of torture to intelligence operations and counter-terrorism (prevention of attacks), particularly during the Battle of Algiers (1957 ).

The call to the Algerian people
November 1, 1954, General Secretariat of the National Liberation Front radio broadcast a call for "the Algerian people" and writing in order to "shed light on the underlying reasons that [the] pushed them to act [...] setting [the] program [FLN] the sense of [his] action, the merits of [his] views that the goal remains the national independence in North Africa. .
He described his action as "directed exclusively against colonialism, single blind enemy, who has always refused to grant any freedom by means of peaceful struggle. . The FLN
therefore requires that "the French authorities [...] Recognize once and for all the peoples they subjugated the right to self-determination "without which he announced" the continuation of the struggle by all means to achieve [its] purpose [... ] restoration of the Algerian sovereign, democratic and social development in the framework of Islamic principles. "The different

Algerian nationalists:

The FLN (National Liberation Front) was created 10 November 1954 and was intended to conquer the sovereign independence of the Algerian people in their own right. The main leaders of this group were Larbi Ben M'Hidi or Ahmed Ben Bella. This organization
resistance from the nationalist movement is "Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties" (BACT).
There are however three different currents of nationalism and especially the Algerian resistance: _The
Ulema (which is based on the Koran and Islam). _The
Modernists who are intellectuals and professional people who claim legal channels to express their desire for independence. _The
revolutionary (as Ben Bella, ...) who called the actions of violence and bombings to show their desire for independence.
_It was also at the beginning of the Algerian resistance, the group of "advanced" or "Young Algerians, who believed in the assimilation of Algerians in the French society with even a simple deletion of the status of Muslims by the French authority.

The movement of the FLN (the armed wing is called National Liberation Army), was particularly revolutionary current.
The Revolutionary Committee for Unity and Action (CRUA) is another group of independent Algeria.


Work directed by Geoffrey and Rémi


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